Nova Bus LFS
|Years of manufacture||1995 to present|
The Nova Bus LFS is a North American, low floor transit bus. In 1993, a Den Oudsten Alliance bus was imported to Quebec for evaluation. Using the Den Oudsten design as a basis for the LFS's design, two prototypes of the LFS were built in 1994. The LFS stands out in North America due to its sloping front and large single-piece windshield, two features that are more commonly found on European buses.
The LFS's monocoque frame was originally of carbon steel, but beginning with the second generation, stainless steel is used. The structure is clad with fibreglass panels adhered to the frame. Easily replaceable thermoplastic skirt panels are added along the lower sides of the bus to ease maintenance as this area is prone to wear. They are almost always grey so they do not have to be painted and Nova only need produce panels in one colour. Some agencies however request the skirt panels be painted such as Disney Transport or the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
Aesthetic and design changes
First generation (1995-1999)
The early LFS units up to Laval's 9605 (late 1996) had a curved eliptical recess and the NovaBUS logo under the windshield. The rear top equipment access door and rear window were originally flush with the body with the rear destination incorporated into the window. The side passenger windows had sharp corners.
The LFS was initially available in a full low floor or partial low floor configuration. The full low floor option had a low floor toward the middle of the bus where the aisle would slope up slightly. The seating in the rear half were on elevated platforms. Because of the intrusion of the rear wheel wells, there usually is a pair of seats facing forward and a pair facing backwards on top of them, a rarity in the North American bus market. The partial low floor option had a step before the rear wheels up to a high floor section.
To achieve the full low floor to the rear, the LFS used a T-drive powertrain offset to the left of the rear and ZF portal axles. The engine's cooling system is mounted above the engine. This is a similar configuration to the Orion VI.
Second generation (1999-2009)
In 1999 at the UITP Congress, Nova unveiled the second generation LFS. Improvements included a stainless steel frame, a multiplex electric system, and an electronically controlled engine.
Between 1999 and 2000 there was a gradual shift in the exterior look of the LFS. Starting mid-1999 with the Chicago Transit Authority prototypes, gasket sealed windows with rounded corners replaced the earlier square passenger windows. By 2000, round tail lights (either small or large) became the norm, replacing the square tail lights inherited from the Classic model. Finally, by mid-2000 with the production CTA buses, the rear panel of the bus was simplified with a gasket sealed window and a separate, obtrusive rear destination sign. These changes intended to reduce the costs of construction of the CTA order, were soon adopted for all production buses.
The fully low floor option was dropped in 2005. All LFS buses since have a high floor section just after the rear doors.
In 2008, Nova Bus redesigned the headlight clusters of the LFS, moving the lights further to the edges of the bus. The standard halogen headlight or dual projector headlights could be specified. This was likely a response to BC Transit's modifications which had the headlights stacked vertically to address visibility concerns with bike racks. A horizontal decorative slot was also added to the front panel between the headlights. It must however be noted that until April 2009, most Quebec buses were delivered with the old headlight configuration.
The LFS is available with wide or narrow front or rear doors. Beginning with Coast Mountain Bus Company's first LFS order, an option for a 1/3 2/3 front door configuration was made available. This option is as wide as the wide door option, but the forward leaf would be the size of the narrow door option and the other leaf would be the size of the remainder. The front leaf can be controlled independently.
Early LFS buses had a simple exhaust pipe that stuck straight up and was cut off at a diagonal. This design would carry through to early EPA 2007-compliant buses. These buses also received a grid of vents on the rear access panel next to the rear window to deal with the heat of the particulate filter.
Third generation (2009-present)
A new rear design debuted in 2007. The engine mounted longitudinally at the centre of the rear with the cooling system mounted high (above rear window). This centred rear engine placement became standard in early 2009.
With the new engine placement, the rear of the LFS was restyled. The taillights are stacked vertically in a red background moulding stretching from the top to the bottom of the bus. Later background colour options would be available such as black or white. Early 2009 saw the introduction of flush mounted glazing as an option. The first production model debuted at the CUTA Trans Expo 2009 in Montreal, QC on BC Transit 9370. The rear design was also slightly altered with replaceable corner panels with the tail light molding ending above the reversing light. The 2007 headlight configuration became standard on all buses. Greater Sudbury Transit and Thunder Bay Transit's 2009 orders were the first to have the brake lights and rear turn signals the same size as the reversing light as an option.
The exhaust pipe initially curved away from the radiator and intercooler package. Later EPA 2007-compliant buses built that year went straight up then curved back at a 90 degree angle and received a Venturi exhaust tip. The tip, which had a bulge after the curve and flared out at the end, was designed to mix and cool the hot exhaust gas from the 2007-compliant engine with air. EPA 2010-compliant buses received an updated exhaust tip which flares out to the front after the curve with a gap and flares out to the rear like the previous tip, but to a shorter distance.
The horizontal slot in the front panel of the bus was dropped mid-2010 from Plattsburgh-built buses starting with the first batch of buses for Calgary Transit. Late in 2010 the plain front panel also became standard for buses built in St-Eustache.
With the third generation LFS and LFS Artic, there were changes to the interior. Stanchion design became less rigid and curved towards the ceiling instead of being stopped by the horizontal grab rail with separate attachments to the ceiling. New finishes were introduced which included matte grey coated stanchions, black textured walls, and transparent or frosted modesty panels. The seating above the engine (and over the middle wheels and fuel tank on the Artic) is proprietary to Nova. The sitting area is molded thermoplastic, initially in the style of American Seating's 6468, now in the style of their InSight model.
At the 2011 APTA EXPO, Nova debuted their updated interior design. They introduced a ceiling using an asymmetric concept, with the subtraction of the standard base lights on the driver's side and introduction of a low profile channel that hugs the ceiling and wall above the windows to provide air flow. In addition to the LED cabin lights above the seats, there is an option for LED crossbar lighting above the aisle which can be dimmed. The anchors for the stanchions and grab rails uses a modular molded part. The partition behind the driver was made lighter and thinner, while giving more room for the driver and the passenger behind. The front wheel housings now have a stainless steel protective panel on the area most prone to wear. In an effort to ease cleaning, Nova smoothed out the area where the wall meets the floor and used cantilevered seating with covers at anchor points. Nova also added an frosted, patterned modesty panel after the rear door that illuminates when the door opens. At the request of customers, Nova added an option to not have a rear window. To offset for the loss of light, there is an option for transparent emergency hatches. Some of the first custormers of the new interior include Saskatoon Transit and Grand River Transit.
- Length: 40 ft.
- Width: 102 in.
- 124 in. (new rear)
- 123 in. (old rear)
- Wheelbase: 244 in.
- Cummins ISL9 EPA 2010, 8.9L, 250 or 280 hp (2010-present)
- Cummins ISL EPA 2007, 8.9L, 250 or 280 hp (2007-2010)
- Cummins C8.3 8.3L (1995-1998)
- Cummins ISC EPA 1998, 8.3L (1998-2002)
- Cummins ISC EPA 2004, 8.3L (2002-2004)
- Cummins ISL EPA 2004, 8.9L, 250 or 280 hp (2004-2007)
- Detroit Diesel Series 40 (no longer offered)
- Allison B400R (1995-present)
- Voith D864.5 (2005-present)
- ZF 6AP1400B (2010-present)
- ZF 6HP554C (2006-2010)
- ZF 4/5HP500 (1995-1999)
- ZF 5/6HP552C (1999-2006)
- Plywood subfloor (1995-2008)
- Composite subfloor
- Altro Transflor
- Gerflor Tarabus
- MCC: standard (heat only)
- Carrier RF-353
- Thermo King Athenia
- Thermo King LRT
- Volvo Bus Electronic Architecture
- ZF RL 85
- Meritor FH-946 (No longer offered after 2005)
- ABS disk brakes with traction control
- Airdrie Transit - Airdrie, AB
- Autocars des Chutes - QC
- Barrie Transit - Barrie, ON (second hand)
- Belleville Transit - Belleville, ON
- Brampton Transit - Brampton, ON
- Brandon Transit - Brandon, MB
- Brantford Transit - Brantford, ON
- Calgary Transit - Calgary, AB
- Cambridge Transit - Cambridge, ON
- Centre de formation en transport de Charlesbourg (CFTC) - Quebec City, QC (second hand)
- Centre de Formation en Transport Routier (CFTR) - Saint-Jérôme, QC (second hand)
- Coast Mountain Bus Company (CMBC) - Vancouver; Burnaby; Richmond; Surrey; BC
- Codiac Transit - Moncton, NB
- Conseil intermunicipal de transport des Laurentides (SURF) - Laurentides, QC
- Conseil intermunicipal de transport de la Vallée du Richelieu (CITVR) - Richelieu Valley, QC
- Corporation intermunicipale de transport des Forges - Trois-Rivières, QC
- Durham Region Transit (DRT) - Durham Region, ON
- Elliot Lake Transit - Elliot Lake, ON
- Fredericton Transit - Fredericton, NB
- Grand River Transit (GRT) - Waterloo Region, ON
- Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) - Mississauga, ON (second hand)
- Guelph Transit - Guelph, ON
- Hamilton Street Railway (HSR) - Hamilton, ON
- Kings Transit - Annapolis Valley, NS
- Lethbridge LA Transit (LA Transit) - Lethbridge, AB
- Metro Transit - Halifax, NS
- Metrobus - St. John's, NL
- MRC Les Moulins - Terrebonne, Mascouche, QC
- Oshawa Transit Commission (OTC) - Oshawa, ON
- OC Transpo - Ottawa, ON
- Ottawa Paramedic Service - Ottawa, ON (second hand)
- Peterborough Transit - Peterborough, ON
- Regina Transit - Regina, SK
- Réseau de transport collectif regional de la MRC de L'Assomption (RTCR) - MRC de L'Assomption, QC
- Réseau de transport de la Capitale (RTC) - Québec City, QC
- Réseau de transport de Longueuil (RTL) - Longueuil, QC
- Roam - Banff, AB
- Société de transport de Laval (STL) - Laval, QC
- Société de transport de Lévis - Lévis, QC
- Société de transport de Montréal (STM) - Montréal, QC
- Société de transport de l'Outaouais (STO) - Gatineau, QC
- Société de transport de Sherbrooke (STS) - Sherbrooke, QC
- Société de transport de Trois-Rivières (STTR) - Trois-Rivières, QC
- Société de transport du Saguenay (STS) - Saguenay, QC
- Société de transport de la Rive-Sud de Montréal (STRSM) - Longueuil, QC
- Stratford Transit - Stratford, ON
- Strathcona County Transit - Sherwood Park, AB
- Sudbury Transit - Sudbury, ON
- Thunder Bay Transit - Thunder Bay, ON
- Timmins Transit - Timmins, ON
- Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) - Toronto, ON
- Transit Windsor - Windsor, ON
- Ville de Granby - Granby, QC (second hand)
- Ville de Mont-Tremblant - Mont-Tremblant, QC
- Ville de Rouyn-Noranda - Rouyn-Noranda, QC
- Ville de Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures - Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC
- Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC
- West Vancouver Municipal Transit (WVMT) - West Vancouver, BC
- Whistler Transit System (WAVE) - Whistler, BC
- Whitby Transit (WT) - Whitby, ON
- Whitehorse Transit - Whitehorse, YK
- Autoridad Metropolitana de Autobuses (operated by Coach USA then First Transit) - San Juan, PR
- Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) - Albany, NY
- Capital Metro Transit - Austin, TX (on order)
- Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) - Columbus & Franklin County, OH
- Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) - Charlotte, NC
- Chemung County Transit System - Elmira & Chemung County, NY
- Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) - Chicago, IL (On Order:300 for 2013)
- Clemson Area Transit (CAT) - Clemson, SC
- CrimsonRide (operated by First Transit) - University of Alabama, AL
- Disney Transport - Walt Disney World Resort, FL
- Duke University Transit - Durham, NC
- Escot Bus Lines - Tampa Bay & Orlando, FL (second hand)
- Greater Cleveland RTA - Cleveland, OH
- Kenosha Transit - Kenosha, WI (second hand)
- Knoxville Area Transit (KAT) - Knoxville, TN
- Memphis Area Transit Authority (MATA) - Memphis & Shelby County, TN
- Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) - Houston & Harris County, TX (demos)
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) - New York, NY
- New York University (operated by Coach USA) - New York City, NY
- Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA-Metro) - Buffalo, NY
- Ohio State University Campus Area Bus Service (CABS) - Columbus, OH (second hand)
- Orlando All Trans - Orlando, FL (second hand)
- Philadelphia International Airport shuttle (operated by Coach USA then First Transit) - Philadelphia, PA
- Rutgers University (operated by Academy Bus Lines) - Newark, NJ
- Santa Barbara Metropolitan Transit District (MTD Santa Barbara) - Santa Barbara County, CA
- Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) - Philadelphia, PA (on order)
- Tompkins Consolidated Area Transit (TCAT) - Ithaca & Tompkins County, NY
- TheBus - Honolulu, HI
- Transport of Rockland (TOR, operated by Coach USA) - Rockland County, NY
- University of Colorado Buff Bus - Boulder, CO
Demonstrator and engineering units
Below is a list of known demonstrator and engineering buses.
|2||1994||R3000002||Cummins C8.3||ZF||Demoed with the STCUQ in Oct. 1995|
|3||1995||S3000001||Possibly demoed with SEPTA as 9901 in Apr. 1996|
|4||1995||S3000002||Cummins C8.3||Allison B400R||Demoed with the STCUQ in Jan. 1996|
|1996||2NVYL82K9T3000021||Cummins C8.3||Allison B400R|
|1996||2NVYL82P1T3000039||Sold to Knoxville Area Transit 651 in Dec. 1998|
|999?||1997||2NVYL82KXV3000001||NYC MTA demo|
|1001||1998||2NVYL82P3W3000001||Detroit Diesel Series 40||Allison B400R|
|995||1998||2NVYL82P5W3000002||Detroit Diesel Series 40E|
|1998||2NVYL82P1W3000031||Detroit Diesel Series 40||Allison B400R||Sold to Ohio State University CABS, became 98542|
|1998||W3000170||Ortech Corp shaker test bus|
|1998||W3000171||Volvo Bus test bus|
|B7298||1998||2NVYL82S2W3000172||Cummins C8.3||Allison B400R|
|1999||X3000064||Cummins||Allison||Sold to Ohio State University CABS 99541|
|1999||X3000190||Cummins ISC||ZF 5HP552C|
|6400 (first)||1999||2NVYL82S4X3000191||Cummins ISC||ZF 5HP552C|
|21-201||2000||Y3000300||Cummins ISC||ZF 5HP552C|
|2003||2NVYL82S633000199||Cummins ISC||ZF 5HP552C||Sold to Belleville Transit in Oct. 2004, became 0458|
|2003||2NVYL82S933000200||Cummins ISC||ZF 5HP552C|
|14401||2004||43000048||Cummins ISL||ZF 5HP552C|
|2004||2NVYL82U643000173||Cummins ISL||ZF 5HP552C||Sold to Brantford Transit 9051 in 2005|
|2004||2NVYL82U843000174||Cummins ISL||ZF 5HP552C||Sold to Brantford Transit 9052 in 2005|
|P1002||2005||53000128||Cummins ISL||ZF 5HP552C|
|182-1||2005||53000157||Cummins ISL||ZF 5HP552C|
|L176||2006||2NVYL82U563000233||Cummins ISL||Sold to Belleville Transit in May 2007, became 0761|
|L280||2006||73000027||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP552C|
|H1 (L271-1)||2007||Cummins ISL||
|2008||2NVYL82U783000091||Cummins ISL||Intended to become a demo, but immediately sold to Belleville Transit in 2008, became 0862|
|H3 (L373)||2008||2NVYL82UX83000151||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||
|456-1||2008||2NVYL82U893000019||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP554C||
|432-1||2009||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP554C|
|June 2009||4RKYL82U194000001||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP554C|
|2009||4RKYL82U394000002||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP554C||
Sold to CrimsonRide, became 7018 or 7019
|2009||4RKYL82U594000003||Cummins ISL||ZF 6HP554C||
Sold to CrimsonRide, became 7018 or 7019
|2009||2NVYL82U693000309||Cummins ISL9||ZF 6HP554C||Sold to Woodstock Transit 10-12 in late 2010|
|0055||2009||Cummins ISL||Allison B400R||
|30-256U||2009||93000610||Cummins ISL9||ZF 6AP1400B|
|2012||2NVYL82U4D3000706||Cummins ISL9||ZF 6AP1400B|
- ↑ Nova BUS Unveils 2nd Generation of LFS Buses at UITP Congress (Press release). Nova Bus. 26 May 1999. Retrieved on 13 January 2009.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 RTC Quebec List. busfanplace.com. Retrieved on 1 May 2009.
- ↑ Older NovaBus LFS Demo Spotted. cptdb.ca. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ Maintenance Training RTS. chicagobus.org. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ Edmonton Transit System NovaBus LFS Trial. kevinsbusrail.com. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ Brampton new bus order, Not NFI this time..... cptdb.ca. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Heath, Dan (17 August 2008). Governor announces Nova Bus plant for Plattsburgh. Press Republican. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ A Nova among Gilligs. bustalk.info. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ Nova Bus' Plattsburgh Plant Officially Open (Press release). Nova Bus 15 June 2009. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.
- ↑ Heath, Dan (13 June 2009). Nova Bus plant in operation. Press Republican. Retrieved on 05 July 2010.