Alstom (originally Alsthom) is a French multinational transportation systems developer and manufacturer in the field of rail transportation. The company is headquartered in France and employs 32,800 people across 60 countries. The company is diverse in that they are active in fields of public transportation, freight transportation and signalling systems.
- 1 History
- 2 Alstom Worldwide
- 2.1 Alstom in Brazil
- 2.2 Alstom in Canada
- 2.3 Alstom in Germany
- 2.4 Alstom in India
- 2.5 Alstom in Spain
- 2.6 Alstom in the United Kingdom
- 2.7 Alstom in USA
- 2.8 Alstom in Western and Central Asia
- 3 Products
- 4 External links
- 5 References
Alstom (originally as Alsthom) was formed from a merger between Compagnie Française Thomson Houston and the Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques in 1928.
significant acquisitions included the Constructions Electriques de France (1932), shipbuilder Chantiers de l'Atlantique (1976), and parts of ACEC SA (Belgium, late 1980s). A merger with parts of the General Electric Company plc (UK) formed GEC-Alsthom in 1989.
In 1958, Alstom won its first railway project in 1958, supplying 25 locomotives to Baocheng Line, the first electrified railway in China. It is one of the first western companies, which started business in China, much earlier than the diplomatic relationship between China and France (in 1964).
In 1997, Alstom acquired Amerail - American Passenger Rail Car Company and established its US operations in Hornell, New York.
The company became, simply, Alstom in 1998. Additionally, merger of Railway Products India Limited (RPIL) into Alstom resulted in establishment of Bengaluru engineering centre operations.
In 2000, Alstom acquired Italian train manufacturer Fiat Ferroviaria, a manufacturer of trains with tilting capabilities.
In 2004, Alstom was in financial crisis due to massive inherited unexpected costs (€4 billion) arising from a design flaw inherited from the acquisition of ABB Group's turbine business, in addition to losses in other areas of the business. The company required a €3.2 billion state-backed bailout in 2003 – and as a result was required to sell several divisions including shipbuilding and electrical transmission to Nikhanj Power, in order to comply with EU rules on state aid.
In 2014, Alstom and General Electric (GE) announced that a US$17 billion (€12.4 billion) bid for the company's power and grid divisions had been made and provisionally accepted. After modification of the deal following political controversy in France relating to the take over by a foreign company of a strategic player in heavy industry, GE's bid was modified; to include joint ventures in power generation and electrical transmission, and the sale of its own rail signalling business to Alstom. The GE acquisition deal for the power and grid division was accepted by EU and US anti-competition authorities in mid 2015, subject to the sale of Alstom's heavy gas turbine business. The acquisition was finalised on 2 November 2015, with GE acquiring Alstom's power generation and electricity transmission business (combined as GE Power) leaving the Alstom company operating solely in the rail transport market.
In 2017, Alstom announced a proposed merger with rival company Siemens division Siemens Mobility, creating a new company named Siemens Alstom. If approved, the merger would be completed at the end of 2018. In 2019, the European Union (EU) blocked the merger over the concerns that it could challenge EU competition rules.Amaro, Silvia. 
Alstom announced in February 2020 that it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Bombardier and the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ) regarding the acquisition of Bombardier Transportation. On January 29, 2021, Alstom announced the completion of the acquisition of Bombardier Transportation.
Alstom is truly global in scale, reaching into the following countries; Australia, Azerbaijan, Brazil (below), Canada (below), China, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, France, Hungary, India (below), Italy, Kazakhstan (below), Norway, Poland, South Africa, Spain (below), Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States (below).
- Lapa: The main production site of Alstom in Brazil. Lapa is also the world centre for the manufacturing of stainless steel cars.
- Taubaté: First Citadis tramway manufacturing line in Latin America.
- 400+ employees
- Four sites; Montreal and Sorel-Tracy, PQ, and Ottawa and Toronto, ON.
- 72 Alstom Citadis Spirit light rail cars will be produced in New York State (building), and the Province of Ontario (final assembly) for Ottawa's O-train Confederation Line
- 61 cars for Metrolinx in the greater Toronto and Hamilton area. The contract was created due to the increasing pressure on Bombardier for delivering a number of the delayed cars for the Toronto Transit Commission's streetcar network. If Bombardier is unable to deliver the Eglinton Crosstown vehicles, 44 units will be deployed by Alstom. If Bombardier succeeds in completing their deadlines, the cars will be deployed on a new Hurontario/Main LRT in Brampton/Mississauga instead.
- 17 LRT cars will be used on the Finch West LRT.
- 468 Azur metro (subway) cars are being co-built for Société de transport de Montréal Métro with Bombardier.
- 800 Coradia Lint Diesel Regional Trains for Deutsche Bahn and private operators in Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Canada
- 200 Coradia Continental Electrical Regional Trains for Deutsche Bahn and private operators
- 300 Coradia Nordic Electrical Regional Trains for operators in Sweden
- 10 hybrid shunting locomotives for Deutsche Bahn, Volkswagen, Audi and MEG
- 500 DT2-DT5 Metros for Hamburger Hochbahn
- Equipment for 176 Intercity-Express (ICE) high speed trains (ICE 1, ICE T and ICE 3 fleets) of Deutsche Bahn with Atlas. ICE cars are for Austria, Denmark and Switzerland.
- 200 signalling solution for ERTMS (European Rail Traffic Management System)
- More than 1800 employees within India.
- Chennai Metro: 42 sets of 4 cars, ongoing project.
- Indian Railways: Supply of 800 electric locomotives with long-term maintenance.
- Kochi Metro: 25 sets of 3 cars, ongoing project.
- Lucknow Metro: 20 sets of 4 cars, ongoing project.
- Réseau express métropolitain: 212 driverless EMUs
Projects include renovation and maintenance of :
- Renfe Operadora (RENFE) S450, S451, S447 and Civia EMU suburban trains
- Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) S100 very high-speed trains
- S104 and S114 high-speed trains
- S252 high-speed locomotives
- Barcelona Tramway
- Madrid Metro and Parla Tram Citadis trams
- Barcelona Metro S9000, S200 and S2100-series metro cars
- S121, S120, and S120.050 traction systems
- Jaén Tram Citadis trams
- Murcia Tramway
- Renfe Operadora (RENFE) S-447 commuter railway coaches
- Crossrail: Alstom/ATC joint venture fitting out 21km of Crossrail tunnels under London with the track and power equipment necessary for trains to run from 2018.
- Eurostar: 38 HS-1 train sets supplied.
- Nottingham Express Transit (NET): Alstom has supplied 22 Citadis trams to serve the Nottingham tramway. The trams form part of an extended fleet of 37 vehicles operating across the newly extended system.
- TfL Metro Northern Line: Service to 106 trains on London Underground’s busiest line with a guarantee to have 91 in operation every day. Rolling stock maintained from traincare centres at Morden and Golders Green.
- Virgin Trains: Maintenance of the 56 Pendolino fleet from five separate traincare centers through the United Kingdom.
- 1/4 of metro (subway) cars in the U.S. are Alstom-made.
- 2,200 employees
- 15 sites
- The Hornell, NY site is AlstomUSA's largest facility in North America.
Approximately 5,000 renovated (and overhauled) cars in the U.S.
Hornell, New York and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania:
- Amtrak: Avelia Liberty train-sets will be manufactured in the United States, as well as a long-term service contract (Hornell, NY).
- BART: C1 Cars
- Chicago Transit Authority: Rehabilitation of Budd 2600-series cars, (Hornell, NY).
- Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority: overhaul of 52 light rail vehicles
- Maryland Transit Administration: overhaul and modernization of 50 light rail vehicles 5001-5035 and 5036-5053 (Hornell, NY).
- Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority: modernization of 74 bi-level cars (commuter) and 86 Green Line LRT vehicles.
- Metra: Coradia Multilevel
- New York City Transit Authority: Pullman-Standard R-46 subway cars refurbishment (Hornell, NY), as well as manufacturing of over 1,000 R160 metro (subway) cars (Hornell, NY).
- OC Transpo, Metrolinx: Production of Citadis Spirit cars to be manufactured in Hornell, while final assembly will be completed in Ontario.
- Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO Speedline): refurbishment of 120-car fleet.
- Rocky Mountaineer (Seattle/Vancover, BC rail tour operator): overhaul of 10 passengers coaches completed.
Alstom in Western and Central Asia
- Includes the countries of Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The countries of Armenia, Georgia, Krguyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan presently do not have an Alstom presence.
- 600 employees (including JVs)
- 10 countries
- Offices in Astana (KZ), Baku (AZ), Tashkent (UZ), Tehran (IR) and Baghdad (IQ).
- 2 manufacturing plants
- 3 metro train sets of 5 cars (Bakı Metropoliteni) in operation, in addition to 44 Prima freight, and 20 Prima M4 (KZ4AT) passenger locomotives.
- 200 Prima T8 (KZ8A) freight locomotives and 95 Prima M4 (KZ4AT) passenger locomotives committed to Kazakhstan Temir Zholy.
- 40 Prima T8 (AZ8A) freight locomotives and 10 Prima M4 (AZ4A) passenger locomotives committed to Azerbaijan Railways.
- Citadis class
High Speed Rail
Alstom has given the name Avelia to their high speed train line. There are four types:
- Avelia Liberty - high speed train for North America
- AGV - very high speed train, short for "Automotrice à grande vitesse"
- Euroduplex - bilevel very high speed train
- Pendolino - high speed tilting train
- Coradia class/series
- Coradia LINT: short for "leichter innovativer Nahverkehrstriebwagen" (light innovative local transport rail vehicle)
- Coradia Lirex: Defunct model/class. See "Continental" and "Nordic" models.
- Coradia Meridian
- Coradia Minuetto: Italian version.
- Coradia Multilevel: bilevel commuter cars for USA
- Coradia Nordic
- 3 car (articulated), 56m, 162 passenger (regional)
- 4 car (articulated), 72m, 202-228 passenger (intercity, regional, suburban)
- 6 car (articulated), 110m, 328-366 passenger (intercity, regional, suburban)
- Metro Metropolis class/series
- Aptis: Produced by subsidiary NTL; electric-powered bus.
- Alstom Attractis: Bundled package of tram and related services, featuring Alstom Citadis-branded trams. This service has been implemented in seventeen cities such as Algiers, Barcelona, Bordeaux, Constantine, Dubai, Jerusalem, Lusail, Orleans, Mostaganem, Murcia, Nottingham, Oran, Ouargla, Reims, Rio de Janiero, Setif and Sydney. Packages include design of the tramway system, necessary road works carried out by civil consortium partner, track and power supply systems, passenger stations with related communication features, communication and data transmission systems, line operation supervision and control systems, Citadis tram fleet, integration of all subsystems, and testing and commissioning of the line in collaboration with the future operator.
- Alstom ONIX 4LC1640A: Heavy-rail motor.
- Translohr: Produced by subsidiary NTL; rubber-tired transit vehicle that operates on fixed guideway.
- Official Facebook page
- Official Flickr page
- Official Instagram page
- Official LinkedIn page
- Official Twitter page
- Official YouTube page
- Alstom, About Us, accessed May 16, 2018.
- "EU blocks Alstom-Siemens rail merger due to ‘serious competition concerns’." CNBC.
- "Acquisition of Bombardier Transportation: accelerating Alstom’s strategic roadmap." Press release. Alstom. 17 February 2020.
- "A transformational step for Alstom: completion of the acquisition of Bombardier Transportation." Press release. Alstom. 29 January 2021.
- Alstom, Alstom-Canada, accessed May 16, 2018.
- Alstom, Alstom in Spain references, accessed May 17, 2018
- Alstom, Alstom-USA, accessed May 16, 2018.
- Alstom, Citadis Compact, accessed May 16, 2018
- Wikipedia, List of British rail diesel multiple unit classes (Coradias), accessed May 15, 2018
- Wikipedia, Alstom Coradia Juniper, accessed May 15, 2018
- Wikipedia, British Rail Class 334, accessed May 18, 2018.
- Wikipedia, British Rail Class 458, accessed May 18, 2018.
- Wikipedia, British Rail Class 460, accessed May 18, 2018.
- Wikipedia, Alstom Coradia LINT, accessed May 15, 2018.
- Alstom, Coradia Polyvalent], accessed May 16, 2018.
- Wikipedia, Coradia SJ X40, accessed May 15, 2018
- Wikipedia, Bombardier-Alstom MPM-10, accessed May 15, 2018.
- Alstom, Attractis, accessed May 16, 2018