American Car and Foundry

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American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925-54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. The Brill name was dropped in early 1954, and today ACF is known as ACF Industries, LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri. [1]


American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jersey in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers.[2]

Later in 1899, ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 in Wilmington, Delaware), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinois). The unified company made an investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York City, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.

1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground. In these two years, ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennessee), Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.[1]


Rolling stock

This section is incomplete.

Heavy Rail

This section is incomplete.

  • IND subway - R1, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R7A, R9 (Arnine), R10
  • IRT subway - R12, R14, R15, R16, R26, R28.


  • Single truck open-air streetcar

Highway Bus

Transit Bus

Trolley Bus

External Links