American Car and Foundry
American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925-54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. The Brill name was dropped in early 1954, and today ACF is known as ACF Industries, LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri. 
American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jersey in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers.
- Buffalo Car Manufacturing Company (founded 1872 in Buffalo, New York)
- Ensign Manufacturing Company (founded 1872 in Huntington, West Virginia)
- Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company (founded 1861 in Berwick, Pennsylvania)
- Michigan-Peninsular Car Company (founded 1892 in Detroit, Michigan); including the former assets of the Michigan Car Company, the Peninsular Car Company, the Detroit Car Wheel Company, the Michigan Forge & Iron Company and the Detroit Pipe & Foundry Company.
- Minerva Car Works (founded 1882 in Minerva, Ohio)
- Missouri Car and Foundry Company (founded 1865 in St. Louis, Missouri)
- Murray, Dougal and Company (founded 1864 in Milton, Pennsylvania)
- Niagara Car Wheel Company (of Buffalo, New York)
- Ohio Falls Car Manufacturing Company (founded 1876 in Jeffersonville, Indiana)
- St. Charles Car Company (founded 1873 in St. Charles, Missouri)
- Terre Haute Car and Manufacturing Company (of Terre Haute, Indiana)
- Union Car Company (of Depew, New York)
- Wells and French Company (founded 1869 in Chicago, Illinois)
Later in 1899, ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 in Wilmington, Delaware), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinois). The unified company made an investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York City, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.
1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground. In these two years, ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennessee), Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.
This section is incomplete.
This section is incomplete.
- IND subway - R1, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R7A, R9 (Arnine), R10
- IRT subway - R12, R14, R15, R16, R26, R28.
- Single truck open-air streetcar
- H-9-P (1933-1941)
- H-15-P (1934-?)
- 29-P (1940-?)
- 37-P (1938-1942)
- IC-41 (1945-1950)
- IC-41A (1951-?)
- IC-41AD (1952-?)
- C-10 (1948-?)
- C-27 (1948-?)
- C-31 (1948-?)
- H-9-S (1934-?)
- H-10-S (1928-1931)
- H-12-S (1933-?)
- H-13-S (1933-1943)
- H-15-S (1934-?)
- H-16-S (1935-1941)
- H-17-S (1935-1938)
- 26-S (1938-1942)
- 26-U (1938-1941)
- 31-S (1939-1942)
- 36-S (1938-1942)
- 41-S (1941-1943)
- 45-S (1941-?)
- Wikipedia, retrieved on 2009-08-25.
- Coachbuilt, American Car and Foundry/Brill, accessed August 3, 2017